This article is about the Republic of India. For other uses, see India (disambiguation).
Republic of India
Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes.Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: "सत्यमेव जयते".
FlagState Emblem
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Anthem: Jana Gana Mana
"Thou art the rulers of the minds of all people"[2][3]

National song
Vande Mataram
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][3]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalNew Delhi
28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E
Largest cityMumbai
18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E
Official languagesHindi
English[4][5][nb 1]
Recognised regional languages
National languageNone[9][10]
Religion79.8% Hinduism
14.2% Islam
2.3% Christianity
1.7% Sikhism
0.7% Buddhism
0.4% Jainism
0.9% others[11][12]
DemonymIndian
GovernmentFederal parliamentary
republic[1]
 • PresidentPranab Mukherjee
 • Vice-PresidentMohammad Hamid Ansari
 • Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
 • Chief JusticeT. S. Thakur[13]
 • Speaker of the Lower HouseSumitra Mahajan
LegislatureParliament of India
 • Upper houseRajya Sabha
 • Lower houseLok Sabha
Independence from the United Kingdom
 • Dominion15 August 1947 
 • Republic26 January 1950 
Area
 • Total3,287,263[14] km2[b] (7th)
1,269,346 sq mi
 • Water (%)9.6
Population
 • 2016 estimate1,293,057,000[15] (2nd)
 • 2011 census1,210,854,977[16][17](2nd)
 • Density388.5/km2 (31st)
1,006.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$8.727 trillion[18] (3rd)
 • Per capita$6,664[18] (122nd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$2.384 trillion[18] (7th)
 • Per capita$1,820[18] (141st)
Gini (2009)33.9[19]
medium · 79th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.609[20]
medium · 130th
CurrencyIndian rupee () (INR)
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
 DST is not observed
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+91
ISO 3166 codeIN
Internet TLD.in

India, officially the Republic of India (IASTBhārat Gaṇarājya),[21][22][c] is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west;[d] China,Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.[23] Four religions—HinduismBuddhismJainism, and Sikhism—originated here, whereas ZoroastrianismJudaismChristianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also shaped the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by non-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi.

 

Currently, the Indian economy is the world's seventh-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP).[18] Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of povertycorruptionmalnutrition and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and aregional power, it has the third-largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. India is a pluralisticmultilingual, and a multi-ethnic society. It is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats , <a href="https://www.facebook.com/sanjay.baghelabhai">sanjay baghela</a>

This article is about the Republic of India. For other uses, see India (disambiguation).
Republic of India
Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes.Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: "सत्यमेव जयते".
FlagState Emblem
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Anthem: Jana Gana Mana
"Thou art the rulers of the minds of all people"[2][3]

National song
Vande Mataram
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][3]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalNew Delhi
28°36.8&prime;N 77°12.5&prime;E
Largest cityMumbai
18°58&prime;30&Prime;N 72°49&prime;33&Prime;E
Official languagesHindi
English[4][5][nb 1]
Recognised regional languages
National languageNone[9][10]
Religion79.8% Hinduism
14.2% Islam
2.3% Christianity
1.7% Sikhism
0.7% Buddhism
0.4% Jainism
0.9% others[11][12]
DemonymIndian
GovernmentFederal parliamentary
republic[1]
 &bull; PresidentPranab Mukherjee
 &bull; Vice-PresidentMohammad Hamid Ansari
 &bull; Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
 &bull; Chief JusticeT. S. Thakur[13]
 &bull; Speaker of the Lower HouseSumitra Mahajan
LegislatureParliament of India
 &bull; Upper houseRajya Sabha
 &bull; Lower houseLok Sabha
Independence from the United Kingdom
 &bull; Dominion15 August 1947 
 &bull; Republic26 January 1950 
Area
 &bull; Total3,287,263[14] km2[b] (7th)
1,269,346 sq mi
 &bull; Water (%)9.6
Population
 &bull; 2016 estimate1,293,057,000[15] (2nd)
 &bull; 2011 census1,210,854,977[16][17](2nd)
 &bull; Density388.5/km2 (31st)
1,006.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 &bull; Total$8.727 trillion[18] (3rd)
 &bull; Per capita$6,664[18] (122nd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 &bull; Total$2.384 trillion[18] (7th)
 &bull; Per capita$1,820[18] (141st)
Gini (2009)33.9[19]
medium · 79th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.609[20]
medium · 130th
CurrencyIndian rupee () (INR)
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
 DST is not observed
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+91
ISO 3166 codeIN
Internet TLD.in

India, officially the Republic of India (IASTBhārat Gaṇarājya),[21][22][c] is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west;[d] China,Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.[23] Four religions—HinduismBuddhismJainism, and Sikhism—originated here, whereas ZoroastrianismJudaismChristianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also shaped the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by non-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi.

 

Currently, the Indian economy is the world's seventh-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP).[18] Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of povertycorruptionmalnutrition and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and aregional power, it has the third-largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. India is a pluralisticmultilingual, and a multi-ethnic society. It is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

sanjay